AFU

Archives for UFO research: Personal recollections of preserving the history of UFO's and UFO research

By Anders Liljegren

Unidentified flying objects (UFOs) have existed as a widespread international social phenomenon for almost fifty years. On national or regional levels, sightings of unidentified aerial phenomena certainly have existed for thousands of years. The folklore of signs and sightings in the sky is enormous. Sweden, as one of the globe's several hundred nations, has a fairly long and detailed history of involvement with UFO-type phenomena, official/military as well as civilian/idealistic.

Archives for UFO research (AFU) has chosen as its main objective to document and preserve the history of UFO research and ufology, particularly the Swedish and Scandinavian part of that history. This article details personal insights from "the AFU project" since the start, twenty-two years ago. No doubt AFU is now one of the largest repositories for UFO data in the world. It is financed not by membership fees but by engaged and supporting sponsors. It is one of the world's few UFO resource and research centers with daily opening hours and a full-time staff. Maybe AFU could be a model for similar national or regional archives, libraries and research/info centers around the globe?

Archives for UFO research started as an idea in 1973. Then named simply "Arbetsgruppen för ufologi" (The studygroup for ufology), it's origin was a common occurence in ufology: three people - Håkan Blomqvist, Kjell Jonsson and the author - who broke out of a larger group discontented with the ideology and public image of that group. UFO-Sweden, the large group in question, had been founded in 1970 by enthusiast Carl-Axel Jonzon as a national organization to unite and coordinate the work of local Swedish UFO groups. After three years of work for UFO-Sweden the three of us felt that research, which was our main interest, was of secondary importance in the UFO-Sweden scheme. Instead UFO-Sweden, and in particular its founder/chairman, made a priority of public opinion-making (often with ill-founded, even esoteric, data), and Keyhoe-style political fighting against non-understanding military investigators (believed to be administering a non-proven government "cover-up").

The feeling in our small group was that UFO research could only be promoted by learning and knowing the facts, if there were any..? Of course, one man's fact is often another man's non-fact, but generally we were striving for a more intellectual research climate, based on the scientific method. Particularly, we wanted to separate the subject from the occult and contactee-oriented philosophy that so permeated Swedish ufology (here often called "ifology", because the objects under study were "proven" to be interplanetary)... Our "enemies" - you soon find you have "enemies" if you declare a firm non-New Age opinion - regarded us as unrealistic book-worms. Maybe so. Time has proven, however, that our line of thought had the power to make our interest in UFO's survive while many of our adversaries sooner or later tired of ufology or went missing in the fogs of the New Age.

Phase one: the library

Anyway, "finding the facts" wasn't easy. Where go to? Edista, a Stockholm book shop owned by Bertil Kuhlemann that imported Anglo-American books, became one of our main information sources. Considerable parts of my modest salary as a young computer programmer and my two AFU colleagues pay as librarians were spent on books and magazine subscriptions. Despite this, large parts of the literature was unavailable to us and to many of our colleagues.

The Danish UFO Center created by Willy Wegner was a model to us. Wegner was augmenting a central library collection of UFO and "off-beat literature". We wanted, however, a more open attitude towards our colleagues; a collection that was openly available to others on a somewhat broader scale.

Establishing a postal lending library for UFO literature soon became our main project. In particular, it was Kjell Jonsson's idea. From 1975 people anywhere in Sweden could join AFU, pay a small fee, and borrow books via postal service. Our theory was that newcomers should have a much better (and cheaper) chance to learn the basics. We started with 350 books in Kjell's small one-room apartment, a majority of which were donated by Stockholm ufologist Lennart Johansson.

Soon the project grew and Kjell filled his closets and his basement store. Each year several hundred books were dispatched to near and far off places all over the country. Believe it or not, most of them were returned! Our newsletters and library lists were mailed to slightly less than one hundred supporters. The operation ran on a shoe-string budget with materials donated by ourselves or by kind colleagues. A few years later, in 1977, Kjell graduated from the library high school with the masterpiece of his life: a 144-page bibliography of Swedish UFO literature, reprinted and published by AFU in 1978.

My own interest in UFOs had returned in 1976 after a short period of not even wanting to hear a certain three-letter acronym. Recovering from "years of denial", and reshaped into an even more skeptical ufologist I took over from Håkan Blomqvist as editor of the AFU Newsletter (from 1979 published in English). I threw myself into the study of the released Swedish government archives on the 1930s ghost flier wave at the Stockholm War Archives. I also located and published the newsfile of TT (the Swedish news agency) on the 1946 ghost rockets wave. If people only had an inkling of all the interesting things hidden at our public archives...

1978-79 I spent on other large projects which were educational: a statistical study of 602 Swedish high-strangeness reports and the coding of 1.000 Swedish cases into CUFOS' database UFOCAT. This work helped to further cement my ideas in the UFO field. Ufology should be built on large files of well-researched facts, not on rumours and belief in heavenly saviours. I despised the rumour mongers and published hard-hitting, critical reviews of some Swedish books of such tendency.

Phase two: a new home for the library

1979-80 was an important period of transition for AFU. Phase two started. Kjell Jonsson grew tired of endless hours of managing our lending library. He suffered hard from asthma. (Unfortunately, his short life ended in an asthma attack in 1986).

The responsibility for the collection transfered to myself and to Sven-Olov Svensson, one of the most frequent users of the library. The library (by now more than 800 titles) moved 130 kilometres to Norrköping and into a 38 square-meter basement locality which several people had keys to, and shared the costs for. Now, AFU transformed into a foundation with a small board of directors and, finally, the meaning of the "AFU" acronym was changed to Arkivet för UFO-forskning (Archives for UFO research) to mark the broadening of our scope.

Since we had now underlined the archives aspect of our work, our new direction started a landslide of donated and deposited materials, not only books and magazines. An increasing percentage of English material in the AFU Newsletter stimulated many international contacts. A steady flow of exchange publications has made the collection of "serial publications" on the UFO subject one of the most extensive in the world.

The Rehn donation

Swedish veteran ufologist and UFO book author K.Gösta Rehn was walking into the a of darkness, slowly becoming a blind man (an awful fate for an intellectual, educated man!). In 1978 he donated large parts of his book collection to us. Eleven years later, shortly after Rehn's death, Håkan Blomqvist and I found thirty-two binders of correspondence and working papers in a garbage room behind his former home. If we had come one or two days later the papers would have vanished forever, maroonned on a Stockholm garbage dump!

Rehn maintained a lively world-wide correspondence with most of ufology's bright stars: from McDonald to Klass. Rehn was APRO's Swedish representative since 1959 and a friend of the Lorenzens. His very personal correspondence with Coral Lorenzen provides a unique insight into the daily work and problems at APRO headquarters. With the APRO files seemingly sold into private oblivion (a murder on the history of ufology..) the AFU archives may have a unique gem. In Coral's letters to Rehn we often learn facts and rumours not written about in the APRO Bulletins.

Rehn's correspondence files were of no interest to his daughter, thus it couldn't be of interest to anyone else... This attitude towards the preservation of history is something every archivist knows about and learns to expect. Yet, everytime it happens you are dumbfounded. How many similar, invaluable "interest collections" are lost each year? The Rehn case was a lesson to us: Never be shy to ask for a possible donation and do it now, don't wait until tomorrow! We even designed a special will form for potential future donors.

The GICOFF archives

GICOFF (Göteborgs Informations Center för Oidentifierade Flygande Föremål...did you catch that..?), was one of the first serious UFO research groups in Sweden. In 1978 GICOFF disbanded after ten years of excellent field investigative work and publication of their magazine GICOFF-Information. Many GICOFF investigations were translated and published in the (British) Flying Saucer Review.

In 1981 and 1985, most of the GICOFF files were deposited with AFU, including clippings, report forms, investigative notes, magazines and the GICOFF book library. Later, a lion's part of the GICOFF photo files were also transfered to us.

Yet another rare collection of old UFO books and magazines was deposited by C.O. Holmqvist, in October 1983. This included magazines such as BSRA's The Round Robin and Fate back to the 1940's and early 1950's. Most books were hardbound and preserved in plastic binders making very good copies for our lending library.

That same year a new specialized UFO classification system was designed for the library collection. Unlike most information retrieval coding schemes Ufocode, is built on mnemonic codes and can be detailed down to a fourth level, even providing search codes for wellknown cases such as the Hill encounter or the Mantell plane-crash. In 1983, the 1.163 titles then in our collection were classified according to the new scheme.

Ufocode is still alive and regularly expanded with new codes. Each title added to our library is labeled with from one up to twenty or thirty such codes that describe main themes touched upon in the book. Each year, a supplement of acquired titles is published with an average of 100-150 new titles. The library enjoys regular donations by generous authors such as Loren E. Gross, Thomas E. Bullard and Marc Hallet. If you have spare/review copies of your own published book(s) or booklet(s) please make a donation to the AFU collection knowing that it will be preserved for the future! (In return you will be put on our mailing list, free of charge).

The library has very, very limited resources to buy recently published literature. We are particularly "stocked" on books published in the 1950's and 1960's while "low" on books published in the 1980's and 1990's. One of our grandious long-term aim is to save two copies of each published edition of every UFO book in the world... Well, as always: we aim for the sky - and maybe we will reach the tree-tops.

Phase three: the age of IT

The mid-1980's started phase three of our history: information technology (IT). In the fall of 1984 a much-needed new photo copier was bought. This suddenly made many impossible projects more realistic. To this day (1995) more than 70.000 copies have been made, as a service to users of the AFU library, and in building our own collection of UFO reporting and mythology.

A year later came our first PC: an IBM-compatible Victor XT. It was used to produce our newsletters, and to build dBase files of reports, references and mailing lists. All of the 1946 ghost rocket cases in Swedish government files - located and first studied in 1984 - formed the basis for the ScanCat report file, which is steadily growing. In1994 one of our sponsors kindly donated 10.000 SEK for second-hand computers therefore AFU owns no less than five 286 computers (one of them an early laptop), and one 386 Commodore PC.

On the "personnel side" our resources grew, too. In 1984, librarian Håkan Blomqvist moved from the Stockholm area to strengthen our small Norrköping team and Clas Svahn, a young journalist, joined AFU's board that same year. Clas has, since the start of the library in Kjell's small flat, been one of AFU's most avid supporters, and has worked tirelessly to persuade the donors behind many of our acquisitions.

From early 1987 Sven-Olov Svensson increased his contribution to AFU by starting to work six hours-a-day in the archive. Sven-Olov is doing the main part of our routine work: dispatching book parcels, answering the phone, adding new collections to the archives system, and mailing copies to researchers. His idealistic, unsalaried ground work has, to a large extent, made it possible for many of us to make effective use of the collection and - for my own part - it has meant that my curiosity for the subject has not been completely crushed by the tiring day-by-day routines necessary at an institution such as ours.

A unique collection

In 1986 Edith Nicolaisen, enthusiastic Swedish publisher of contactee-type and "New Age" literature, died. Nicolaisen had started the Parthenon publishing house in 1957. She published Swedish editions of books by George Adamski, Daniel Fry, Wilbert Smith, Morris K. Jessup, Max Miller, Ray & Rex Stanford, and others.

The Parthenon company was taken over, step by step, by Carl-Anton Mattsson, who kindly arranged for the editorial and personal archives to be deposited with AFU. Parthenon and Edith Nicolaisen left a truly fantastic collection of contactee books, magazines, manuscripts, administrative files, photos and correspondence.

Particularly the correspondence files (some 30 binders) provide many unique insights into the American and international contactee syndrome of the 1950's and 1960's. The collection (now sorted by name of the correspondent) ought to be of particular interest to students of the history of religion, contactees and UFO cults.

The Parthenon collection underlines AFU's policy of saving everything of potential interest without regard of "objective value". It is possible to approach any subject with an open mind and research it, even contactees and cults. Science puts no value on the subject in itself, it only requires you to use scientific methodology. Our collection has been used by a few university graduates, for instance Pia Andersson of Stockholm University who is currently writing a treatise (history of religion) on the Swedish UFO and New Age movement.

Special UFO-Sweden status

In 1986 AFU rejoined UFO-Sweden (- remember, AFU started as a break- away from UFO-Sweden in 1973 -) now becoming the archives unit of the very same national group. It was felt that UFO-Sweden - under new chairmen - had succesively changed its ideology to become a more serious, investigative group, much in line with our own ideas. Since1991 Clas Svahn, from the AFU board, is also the chairman of UFO-Sweden.

Despite close ties to UFO-Sweden, a contract still guarantees the AFU foundation a special status as a separate unit. If UFO-Sweden will sink (not a very realistic thought at this point of time) AFU will sail along on it's own. AFU does not need a large membership to survive but does, definitely, benefit from having a 2.000 membership organization (UFO-Sweden) backing us up.

AFU has systematically collected organizational files from the more than 120 local UFO-Sweden activity groups in existence since 1970. There are also files on every other (known) Swedish UFO/IFO/New Age organization, ufologist, researcher and journalist interested in UFO's. Håkan Blomqvist's work on this side of the AFU collection has documented ufology as a social, national, "popular movement".

The "Blue" and "Orange" files

In 1987 we started to borrow, and copy, the military UFO records from the Research Institute of Defence (FOA), in Stockholm. The files contain more than 2.000 reports investigated by the military forces since 1947. The copying project was, in the beginning, an offshot of our Project 1946, the study of documents and reports on the Swedish ghost rockets reported one year after the end of WWII. Project 1946 was described in detail in two BUFORA monographs published in 1987 and 1988. We are still looking forward to finding the time and resources to publish the results from that project in English translation.

The copying of military reports inspired us to start, in 1988, a chronological report file of all known Swedish UFO incidents, which by now has grown to become perhaps the most essential part of the archive.

We started off with the military reports copied from FOA, with duplicates and copies from our newsclipping collection, and with the excellent report and investigative files deposited by GICOFF. In 1989 the annual UFO-Sweden national conference decided to deposit UFO-Sweden's report archive with AFU. We now continously receive reports from the UFO-Sweden report centre, and it's 70 accredited field investigators. For 1994 alone, these files will number more than 450 cases.

A whole range of other sources (books, magazines, organizational archives, etc) have since been culled for UFO reports. All cases found have been copied and sorted into the main file, which now comprises more than one hundred binders and (probably) number 10.000 cases. Since the report file is kept in blue file folders we sometimes refer to it as our "Blue Archive" -- of course a travesty of "Blue Book"... The report file is supplemented by a substantial file of post-war almanacs, directories and a collection of topographical maps that cover about 1/3 of Swedish territory. There is also a substantial file of submarine (USO) press reports and documents, detailing the wave of underwater violations of Scandinavian waters in the last 20-25 years (by some believed to have some connection to UFOs).

AFU (and its predecessors) has had a complete, uninterrupted subscription with a Stockholm news clipping agency (AB Pressurklipp) since 1970. This world unique (?) file (- called our "Orange" file since it is kept in orange file folders -) has more recently been supplemented with copies and original cuttings from many other private & official collections, to complete our coverage of the 1947-1969 time span. I estimate that the clipping file now at least 30.000 articles in Swedish.

Our next project in line will be to copy my own extensive files of1933-1938 (ghost flier) and 1946 (ghost rocket) reports from Swedish news media and the War Archives. We are also making copies of the official Norwegian files on the ghost fliers located by our friend and correspondent Ole Jonny Braenne (who is establishing a UFO-Norway lending library similar to AFU's). If we can find the necessary money we plan, in 1995, to order complete copies of all the Swedish official military records on the ghost fliers for our files.

Recent acquisitions

In the nineteen-nineties Archives for UFO research has grown more than ever. Clas Svahn, Håkan Blomqvist and other supporters have toured Sweden, acquiring collections, large and small. Some important recent additions include:

The Adlerberth collection of books and newsclipping files

Roland Adlerberth, a Gothenburg librarian and translator, bought and reviewed most UFO & fortean books of the fifties and sixties -- a mint condition collection now bought and added to AFU in 1993/94. Adlerberth spent his Sundays cutting everything fortean, ufological and phenomenological from Swedish and Scandinavian newspapers. His huge collection of post-war fortean effort (carefully sorted into hundreds of small, brown, subject-labeled envelopes) is now one of our most valued gems, donated by the Adlerberth family. Sends fortean shivers down our spines...

The "Brevcirkeln" library

Brevcirkeln (disbanded in 1994) was an esoteric group that existed for 30 years, publishing a lively, duplicated journal. They built a substantial lending library, similar to AFU's, but more occult-oriented. The collection, parts of which were donated to AFU, includes much of the theosophical and esoteric literature that so influenced early contacteeism and Anglo American ufology in the 1950's and 60's.

Parts of the SUFOI magazine archives

Skandinavisk UFO Information(SUFOI) of Copenhagen (the most respected investigation group in Denmark, founded in the late fifties) recently restructured their magazine archives and asked AFU to take over many of the less needed, odd titles. This resulted in more than 100 kilos of rare and new magazines added to our shelves. Many of the magazines date back to the 1950's.

The David Clarke airship collection

In competition with transatlantic collectors AFU in 1993 bought Clarke's 1.300-page collection (four file folders) of data on worldwide (mainly US, UK and New Zealand) airship sightings in the 1896-1913 timespan. Although AFU couldn't offer as much money as US competitors, we could offer a unique public availability of the documents. With no other European bidder David Clarke decided to let the collection remain in Europe. It supplements our documentation on similar waves of what might be termed "technological imitations".

The Måndagsgruppen tape collection

The most recent acquisition (December 1994) is a collection of about 500 audio tapes and cassettes bought from Jan-Eric Janhammar. Janhammar taped a large part of the more than 1.400 lectures before his "Monday group" (Måndagsgruppen), in Stockholm. The tapes include early lectures on flying saucers, fortean subjects and the occult, since the inception of the lecture group in 1951. Our coworker Lisbeth Ros­n is now hard at work making an Excel table to index the tapes.

Phase four: a new, bigger archive

Our rapid growth in recent years made it necessary to find larger quarters than the 38 square meters we had had since 1980. Ideas on how to create more space for shelves had finally exhausted. To work two or three people in-between the tightly-spaced shelves in the "old" archive was an experience that sometimes got on your nerves.

Some 200 metres from the old archives we found our new premises. In early 1993 the place was soon to be evacuated as the former admini strative archives of my place of work (a real estate company). The archive had one room full of good, solid shelves. We managed to rent the place at a very decent monthly cost. The 74 square meters were cleaned from spiders and twenty years of dirt (quite a job, I can tell you), painted, and a new floor laid. In late June 1993 we moved most of the collections (by then displaced at three places in Norrköping) to the new place.

Of course, the new center offers a much better working environment than we had before before. It has a conference corner, refrigerator, coffee machine, eight desks for work and/or visiting researchers, five computers, copier, tape recorders, telephone, and - our most recent addition - a fax machine.

Sponsor pool

"Who pays the bills?", you may ask. Some paranoid people believe it's the CIA.

As AFU treasurer for thirteen years I have counted every "krona" that has passed through AFU so I am the person to know the real situation. The first twenty years our costs were fairly modest and were, mostly, paid for by the four-headed board, from our very own private pockets. The annual turnover has been between 35.000 and 100.000 SEK (1994). My own part of AFU financing, during these years, has been quite substantial. Yes, you guessed it: I own no house, no summer-cottage, no car and no sailing-boat in the nice Swedish archipelago! Life is a choice, and a chance.

With "phase four", and trebled costs, the economic situation would have been impossible. This is where a March 1993 UFO-Sweden conference decided to create a sponsor pool, whereby private citizens and companies, interested in furthering UFO research, can sponsor Archives for UFO research. Today, AFU has signed contracts with some twenty-five ufologists and companies, each contribuing between 50 and 500 SEK per month.

The total regular monthly income from sponsors amount to roughly 2.500 SEK, covering the lion's share of our basic expenses (including rents, power, telephone and 30 % of the cost for our clipping subscription, shared with UFO-Sweden). The remaining budget is filled with fees and money from sales (mostly sales of surplus second-hand books and magazines). Picture library sales to media sources may be a promising source of substantial future income.

The creation of the sponsor group also made it possible to retain our "old" archive. The old premises is now used for storage, for seldom-used collections, for audio and video cassettes, for a micro film reader, and, in particular, for our newly established picture library. The old archive was repainted and overhauled in 1994 and we have just arranged three work places there.

The picture library consists of the combined illustrative archives (photos, negatives, slides, sketches, paintings, etc) from the UFO-Sweden, GICOFF and Parthenon collections. A most valuable picture collection was recently donated by the heirs of Eugen Semitjov, a Swedish journalist (of Russian descent) who wrote a series of books on UFO and space research and who travelled the world with his sketch-block and camera.

AFU would welcome monetary and/or material support from international sponsors, which could add much to our efficiency as an already established information center. We would especially like to engage in IT technology (such as CD-ROM or microfilming techniques to safe-guard our collections), the building of indexed databases (why not an international yearly index of the UFO literature..?). This would require both technology and skilled personnel. We have the infrastructure but not the money.

Full time "ALU" staff

Working full-time as a "ufologist" is anyone's dream if you're "taken in" by this stimulating subject. This has now become possible for some unemployed and UFO-interested Swedes. With the recent highunemployment rates our government started a new scheme in early 1993, called ALU. Unemployed people are offered four-to-six-month period jobs with unions, associations and organizations doing "work that would not normally be done". Salary (= normal unemployment renumeration) is paid by the government.

In March 1993 AFU applied for an ALU project and had no problem getting it. Since then about 25 people have been (or, are) active for 4-6 month periods on our project(s). Most of them work/worked in our archives, others with computers (their own, or AFU-owned) at home. This autumn, for instance, we simultaneously had six people employed, five in the archives and one (coding Norwegian reports for our database) in her home.

The ALU staff has worked on different projects: paint work and putting on a floor in the archives; sorting and copying clippings and other materials for the report and clipping files; editorial and translation work; follow-up case investigations via telephone; transcription of cassette tape interviews to paper and data media; creating a database searchable via "Ufocodes" for our book library; et cetera. Adding UFO cases to our ScanCat database has been the top priority project with nine people employed. As I write this almostall cases for the periods 1946-1952 and 1958-1992 have been recorded, in all some 10.500. We are now proceeding with the 1952-1957 period and then with the years 1933-1938 (ghost fliers) and supplementary coding of all the 1946 cases already on file.

Theoretically, we have projects (and work-places) for many ALU workers. There are lots of well-educated people who are out of work. The problem is merely one of logistics: since we mostly employ "newcomers" to our subject, work has to be organized and closely followed. And we who organize this work have our regular 40-hours-a-week jobs as a first priority.

Grant from the Swedish National Archives

Since the early 1980's AFU has slowly sought an active association with "the archives world at large". AFU is listed in several Swedish archive directories and are establishing contacts with local and national archives, archive unions and archivists. In 1993 Archives for UFO research became a recognized member of both a regional and a national organization of "popular movement archives" (folkrörelsearkiv). AFU's work in documenting ufology as a fairly young and developing social movement is known and respected by archivists all over Sweden through an article in a recent issue of the specialist archives journal "Tema Arkiv". There is a steady flow of surplus archive material (such as binders and archive boxes) from a local government archive, reducing much on our costs.

On Oct 25, 1993, "The Board of Private Archives" of the National Archives in Stockholm decided to grant us 6.500 SEK to pay for work materials in our ALU projects, such as audio cassettes, copy paper and envelopes for our picture library. Not a very large sum, but we hope it's a beginning. We will continue to apply for further grants, assisted by a local archives association. Possible objects are: a new copier (for A3 format, with zoom), security measurements (such as an alarm system) and, in a more distant future, compact (rolling) shelves. The micro-filming (or scanning to CD-ROM disks) of irreplacable parts of our collection is another future project for private or government funding.

Skepticism not popular

Through the years, the AFU team has attempted to guide mainstream ufology (in Sweden) onto more critical, skeptical tracks. This line of thought runs through hundreds of articles written for many publications, particularly for the glossy "UFO-Aktuellt" published by UFO-Sweden. Our investigative activities - sometimes regarded as "overly skeptical" - has not won admiration by followers of contactee and New Age groups. However, the advantage of having most of the facts literally "behind your back" (in our shelves) can never be underestimated.

In fact, working with AFU sometimes gives you the feeling of suffering from "information sickness" -- that you have TOO MUCH data to make a meaningful picture of reality! That feeling is partly related to the relative lack of time for personal long-term projects (having a regular job as a first priority).

Some figures on the present Archives for UFO research: 150 meters of material, including: books and booklets (40 meters, 2.500 titles, 3.500 book copies), report archives (10 meters, 12.000 cases, primarily Swedish and Scandinavian), clipping files (9 meters, 30.000 articles mainly in Swedish), personal and organizational archives (25 meters), magazine collection (65 meters, 500 boxes), audio cassettes (some 600), videos (a very modest collection, but expanding) and picture library (possibly two thousand pictures).

New donations to the archive often result in duplicate or even triplicate copies. AFU always has a limited supply of surplus books and many, many meters of duplicate magazines available for exchange, or sale. Write us, stating your needs (and exchange objects). Due to costs for postage, packing and bank exchange we tend to avoid direct sales beyond the Scandinavian countries.

Prescription for success

AFU has been a fairly successful undertaking and we feel we are doing something that will be of potential future value to the study of UFOs (or folklore, or psychology, or..). I believe ufologists in many countries should consider establishing similar local or regional UFO repositories. Preserving the history of UFO research can never be a waste of time and will be an activity respected even by academia. We would very much like to see our idea transform into a chain of archives and info centers. We hear of similar initiatives in France, in Norway, and in the US. Here are a few guide-lines which I feel may be important:

1. Establish a small group of dedicated people who share the same ideas and the responsibilities for the archive. You can't do it on your own! See to that the idea does not die when (if) your own interests change.

2. Establish the collection in a locality of it's own, in a major town, where several people pay for the costs and have mutual access with their own keys. Except maybe for the first years, don't house the collection in your own living room where no one else has access to it! Surplus keys should be available for visiting researchers.

3. Establish the archive as a self-owning institution (foundation) free from too close ties with any other organization, but try to co-operate with as many people as possible.

4. Establish a sponsorship system where the success of the archive does not primarily rely on the usual membership-magazine circuit. If you want an wellordered collection you don't have the time to run a membership organization or edit a monthly (or even a quarterly) magazine! You must specialize to achieve results.

5. Establish active contacts with wellknown archive and academic institutions. Strive to become a serious and recognized institution to which students and researchers at high schools and universities can turn for good source material as they write serious papers.

6. Important! Keep a relatively "low" profile, especially towards the local media. The advantage is that you will spill very few beans on people who are only "passing thru" our subject, people whose interest soon vane or pass into other areas. Focus on few, but serious, people.

7. A simple copier is a minimum requirement at any archive. With a copier much of your material never has to leave the house - and you minimize potential losses.

You can support AFU by becoming a sponsor, by sending a copy of your authored book, or by exchanging your magazine with our AFU Newsletter (at present one issue/year).

Archives for UFO research would be interested in any UFO-related collection, anywhere in the world, that anyone would like to donate to, or deposit with, us for future preservation. Our resources for commercial deals are almost non-existent but, in some cases, we would be willing to reimburse postage or transportation.

If you want to consult our collection please write us or phone. You can also book a time for a visit to Norrköping. There are five daily SAS flights to Norrköping via Copenhagen. Archives for UFO research can be contacted by writing: P.O. Box 11027, SE-600 11 Norrköping, Sweden.

Ufocode book classification system

    A. Ancient cultures, myths, "astro archeology"
    B. Behavioural & social sciences (psychology, etc)
    C. Contacts & communication with aliens, abductions
    D. Design, propulsion, technical theories, new energies
    F. Fortean phenomena
    G. General aspects of UFOs, UFO case categories
    H. Historical sightings & waves of sightings (-1946)
    L. Literature & library, fiction literature
    N. Natural sciences & natural explanations for reports
    O. Official policies & investigations, opinion & media
    P. Parapsychology, paranormal aspects, occultism
    R. Religion, religious & philisophical aspects, cults
    S. Science, scientists & philosophy of science
    T. Theories on origin & intent of UFOs
    U. Ufology, UFO research community, methodology